Die Geschichte der Seife auf der Osterinsel
Als der deutsche Pater Sebastian Englert (*1890-†1969), der 34 Jahre auf der Insel lebte, ungefähr im Jahr 1954 auf einer Reise mit dem chilenischen Segelschulschiff "Esmeralda" von der Osterinsel nach Tahiti war, kam zur seiner Vertetung Pater Luna von Ecuador nach Rapa Nui. Er und ein Mitarbeiter der Firma "Williamson-Balfour Company" brachten den Einwohnern der Insel bei, wie man aus Tierresten (Knochen, Fleisch, Fett), Pflanzen und Natriumhydroxid Seife herstellt.
"Perhaps the greatest barrier to native progress lies in the absence of security of property; they steal freely from one another, as well as from white men, so that all individual effort is rendered nugatory. At the same time they are curiously lacking in pugnacity, and if detected in theft quietly desist or return the property: as a typical instance our cook once met a man wearing one of his, Bailey's, ties; he looked staedily at him, the man's hand went up, he took off the tie and handed it back. Their own native organisation was peculiarly lax, no kind of justice being administered, and they have never had for any duration the civilising effect of religious instruction or civil power. The missionaries were replaced by a native lay reader; there is a large church where services are regularly held, which is difficult to say how much they convey to the worshippers. The older ones, at any rate, have two names, both a native and Christian appellation. Mr. Edmunds had, on our arrival, the status of a Chilean official, and was both just and kind in his dealings, but he had no means of enforcing order; the two policemen who had been at one time on the island had been withdrawn owing to their own bad conduct. The marvel is not that the Kanakas*) are troublesome, but that they are as good as they are.
We had heard in Chile rumours of native unrest, owing to the action of a white man, who had been for a short time on the island, and who had done his best to undermine the authority of the Manager. We had before long unpleasant evidence that they were out of hand. The whole-shed, which contained our minutely calculated stores, was broken into, and a quantity of things stolen, the most lamented being three-fourths of the stock of soap; no redress or punishment was possible."
(The Mystery of Easter Island – Katherine Routledge (British Anthropologist, lived on the island from 1914 to 1915))
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